Classic MusicGenres

Romantic Music Period

Romantic music is undoubtedly a marvelous creation of talented composers, essential for every romantic at heart. Yet, it is also a complex genre that demands in-depth analysis. Let’s delve into these characteristics and their origins below.

What Is The Music?

This question has puzzled people for years. Countless generations have pondered this enigmatic and ambiguous inquiry.

In essence, romantic music is pleasant to the ears and encompasses a wide array of styles and tunes, including rock or pop ballads often heard in movie soundtracks.

As Valentine’s Day approaches, many search for the perfect songs to create a romantic atmosphere. Popular songs, however, don’t necessarily qualify as romantic music.

Instead, consider smooth jazz bands like The Rippingtons, Sade, George Benson, or even older artists like Mel Torme, Ray Charles, and Nat King Cole. Acts like Teddy Pendergrass, Bobby Brown, and Barry White are also excellent choices.

Origins of the Music

The Romantic Period in music generally spans from 1820 to 1910. This era includes the late Classical period of symphonists like Beethoven and Schumann, the orchestral advancements of Berlioz, Liszt, and Wagner, and the nationalistic essence of folk music that permeated many compositions.

Originally, the term “Romantic” was applied to music in literature. It was a time when people sought personal expression and freedom, which is mirrored in the music of this period. Simultaneously, it was an era of political and social revolution, industrialization, and rapid technological progress.

The musical language of Romanticism became more chromatic compared to the Classical period, as composers explored new ways to convey emotion.

Standard structures prevalent during the Classical period, such as sonata form, rondo form, and variation form, were further developed by Romantic composers.

What are the Common Characteristics?

Romantic music is characterized by expressive melodies, large orchestras, and dramatic dynamics (soft and loud sounds). Compared to classical music, romanticism exhibits greater emotional expressiveness. The instruments used are more diverse, incorporating larger brass and woodwind sections in the orchestra.

Other characteristics of romantic period music include:

Increased focus on song lyrics rather than just melody;

A rise in the number of songs written as individual pieces rather than part of a larger work;

Less emphasis on structure and technical precision;

A heightened focus on mood and expression;

Greater emphasis on music written for solo instruments rather than only orchestral pieces.

Major Composers

The list of the major composers of the Romantic period:

Composer Years of Life
Franz Schubert 1797-1828
Frédéric Chopin 1810-1849
Robert Schumann 1810-1856
Felix Mendelssohn 1809-1847
Johannes Brahms 1833-1897


In conclusion, the connection between Romanticism and Romantic music is robust. This relationship between the two art forms played a crucial role in the Romantic Era’s influence on music and appears to remain prevalent today.

Ranging from the most heroic to the most tender sounds, a romantic tune should have some association with nature. It can portray a landscape, a forest, a valley, or the sea – preferably at dawn or sunset.

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